1 Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorders 1
2 What is Autism? 51
3 Olfaction and Autism 83
4 Oxytocin, Arginine Vasopressin and Autism Spectrum Disorder 97
5 Male Gender Bias and Levels of Male Hormones During Fetal
6 Maternal Twins and Male Gender Bias in Autism Spectrum Disorders 143
7 Autism and Exposure to Environmental Chemicals 169
8 Maternal Antibodies to Fetal Brain Neurons and Autism 235
9 Vaccines and Autism 261
Explores environmental factors during fetal development that may contribute to autism
It is well documented that in the majority of the cases, an autistic child's brain has acquired the genetic and organismal abnormalities that were initiated during the first trimester of their gestational period. Yet, scientists still don’t know what is causing these abnormalities; this book explains how the human brain develops and what the critical stages are in which a fetal brain may acquire genetic and developmental abnormalities. It presents scientific data supporting previous anecdotal observations to attempt to understand the complex puzzle that is autism. From chemical fragrances to herbicides, synthetic chemicals are abundant in everyday life and this book examines the evidence surrounding these chemicals and their effects, including on the developing human brain and how that might explain certain characteristics observed in autism.
Discussing various aspects of potential ASD causing factors, Autism and Environmental Factors brings together as many pieces of the autism puzzle as possible in one place to begin to clarify the picture and spark discussion to ensure a safe environment for everyone, especially our developing children.
• Discusses the genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to autism
• Covers how the human brain develops and the critical stages in which a fetal brain may acquire genetic and developmental abnormalities
• Describes the rapid proliferation of synthetic chemicals in our modern world and the effects on the developing human brain—endocrine-disturbing chemicals that alter DNA, epigenetics, and hormones
• Written in a clear and accessible style
Autism and Environmental Factors is an important book for researchers and students in neuroscience, neuroanatomy, developmental neurobiology and anyone focusing on autism research.
• Omar Bagasra, Claflin University, Orangeburg, South Carolina, USA.
• Cherilyn Heggen, Immunologist, Florida, USA.