Chapter 1 Why read papers at all? 1-
Chapter 2 Searching the literature 16-
Chapter 3 Getting your bearings: what is this paper about? 29
Chapter 4 Assessing methodological quality 45
Chapter 5 Statistics for the non-statistician 62
Chapter 6 Papers that report trials of drug treatments and other simple interventions 79
Chapter 7 Papers that report trials of complex interventions 92
Chapter 8 Papers that report diagnostic or screening tests 101
Chapter 9 Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses) 117-
Chapter 10 Papers that tell you what to do (guidelines) 137
Chapter 11 Papers that tell you what things cost (economic analyses) 150
Chapter 12 Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research) 165
Chapter 13 Papers that report questionnaire research 179
Chapter 14 Papers that report quality improvement case studies 191
Chapter 15 Papers that describe genetic association studies 203
Chapter 16 Applying evidence with patients 219
Chapter 17 Criticisms of evidence-based healthcare 232
Required reading in many medical and healthcare institutions, How to Read a Paper is a clear and wide-ranging introduction to evidence-based medicine and healthcare, helping readers to understand its central principles, critically evaluate published data, and implement the results in practical settings. Author Trisha Greenhalgh guides readers through each fundamental step of inquiry, from searching the literature to assessing methodological quality and appraising statistics.
How to Read a Paper addresses the common criticisms of evidence-based healthcare, dispelling many of its myths and misconceptions, while providing a pragmatic framework for testing the validity of healthcare literature. Now in its sixth edition, this informative text includes new and expanded discussions of study bias, political interference in published reports, medical statistics, big data and more.
• Offers user-friendly guidance on evidence-based healthcare that is applicable to both experienced and novice readers
• Authored by an internationally recognised practitioner and researcher in evidence-based healthcare and primary care
• Includes updated references, additional figures, improved checklists and more
How to Read a Paper is an ideal resource for healthcare students, practitioners and anyone seeking an accessible introduction to evidence-based healthcare.
TRISHA GREENHALGH, OBE, FMedSci is Professor of Primary Care Health Sciences, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford, UK.