This book describes in detail a clinical project that reveals the tumoricidal efficacy of Auger and internal conversion electrons, emitted from n.c.a. 111In and implemented in oncology as a treating armamentarium for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), targeting small size (ø = 20 mm) tumors and micro-metastases.
The keen interest in n.c.a. 111In began when it was observed that its Auger electron emission could be highly radiotoxic, due to its high LET when it decayed in the vicinity of cellular DNA. The somatostatin analog octreotide, labeled with [111In-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA0-D-Phe1)] is an established diagnostic agent for the imaging of somatostatin receptor-positive neuro- (or non-neuro) endocrine tumors. It relies on receptor-mediated binding, internalization and installation in the lysosomes in the proximity of the nucleus; administered in large doses, loco-regionally, via the feeding artery of solid tumors, can be highly radiotoxic if they over-express somatostatin receptors, mainly of the sst2 histotype.
The book compares the results between i.v. and i.a. implementation in more than 80 patients after over 800 i.a. infusions in neuroendocrine tumors, meningiomas, paragangliomas and colorectal carcinomas in a single Institute (Aretaieion University Hospital) and encourages the i.a. way, leading to “tumor melting”, while minimizing the toxicity to healthy peritumoral liver tissue and critical organs (kidneys and bone marrow).
The volume is an invaluable tool for nuclear medicine physicians, interventional radiologists and oncologists dealing with radiopeptide therapies.
• Highlights the efficacy of Auger and Internal Conversion Electron irradiation as a potent tumoricidal tool.
• Demonstrates the intra-arterial radionuclide infusion technique’s superiority over intravenous infusion.
• Explores 111Indium irradiation as a first-line loco-regional or adjuvant treatment tool in small neuroendocrine tumors and micrometases; a first-class example of the “theragnostic concept”.