1. Introduction: Finding a Biography
2. Seclusion: A Safe Place? Remarks on the Biography of an Outsider
3. “Who Is Ichheiser?”: A Person Who Failed Himself and the World
4. An “Iron Curtain” Between People: Theoretical Paradoxes in the Writings of Gustav Ichheiser
5. Being and Appearance: I Am Not What I Appear to Be — Ichheiser’s Viennese Works on Social Consciousness
6. Appearance and Image in the Perception and Misperception of Self and Others: Ichheiser and Social Psychological Theory
7. Historical Insights on the Nature of Social Psychology: Gustaw Ichheiser’s Pre-War Polish Texts
8. Ichheiser’s Critique of Success and the Performance Principle in a Neoliberal Competitive Society
9. Ideology of Success and the Dilemma of Education Today
10. Gustav Ichheiser on Rationality and Irrationality
11. Schizophrenia Is Taking Me Home: Gustav Ichheiser’s Uprooting and His Commitment to Psychiatry
This book presents an overview of the life and work of Gustav Ichheiser, a social scientist in Vienna during the early 20th century. Gustav Ichheiser, along with many other Austrian Jews of his time, was forced into exile after the rise of National Socialism in Europe. Ichheiser's work is considered an important front runner to the attribution theories. He was one of the first to study the phenomena of social misunderstandings in detail and in relation to concrete problem areas, such as success.
The aim of this book is to discuss, on an international level, the importance of Ichheiser's theoretical approaches in his time and their relevance in today's context of social and cultural psychology. In addition, the tragic course of Ichheiser’s biography, an example for many displaced scientists, highlights the importance of bringing a scientist’s work back into the focus of today’s current social scientific setting.
Memories of Gustav Ichheiser will be of interest to researchers as well as undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of psychology, social psychology, sociology, and psychiatry.
• Presents an overview of the life and work of Gustav Ichheiser
• Discusses the field of psychology and the academic atmosphere during the early 1920s to late 1930s in Vienna
• Offers a in-depth summary on the history of the displacement of Jewish Scientists during the rise of National Socialism