2. Defending Biobehavioral Science
3. Medieval and Modern Worlds
4. Discontent with Modernity
5. Enlightenment Never
6. Making the Case for Mutation Accumulation
7. The Social Epistasis Amplification Model: A Diachronic Test and Expansion of Theoretical Foundations
8. Biocosmic Pessimism.
This book argues that despite the many real advantages that industrial modernity has yielded—including large gains in wealth, longevity, and (possibly) happiness—it has occurred together with the appearance of a variety of serious problems. Chief among these are probable losses in subjective existential purpose and increases in psychopathology. A highly original theory of the ultimate basis of these trends is advanced, which unites prior work in psychometrics and evolutionary science. This theory builds on the social epistasis amplification model to argue that genetic and epigenetic changes in modernizing and modernized populations, stemming from shifts in selective pressures related to industrialization, have lowered human fitness and wellness.
• Advances highly original theory of the ultimate basis of negative trends associated with modernity
• Unites prior work in psychometrics, evolutionary psychology, and evolutionary biology
• Critically assesses various competing explanations and perspectives