• Part I. Pain and Vertigo
1. Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel (VGKC)-Complex Antibody Limbic Encephalitis
2. Cranial Bone Changes in Megaloblastic Anaemia Due to Anorexia Nervosa
3. Multinodular and Vacuolating Neuronal Tumour (MVNT)
4. Intracranial Extra-Axial Teratoma in an Adult Female Patient
5. Ruptured Dermoid Cyst and Ischaemic Stroke (After In-Vitro Fertilization Treatment)
6. Trigeminal Nerve Cavernoma
7. Aortic Pseudoaneurysm Eroding Thoracic Spine
8. Spinal Extradural Arachnoid Cyst
9. Spinal Intramedullary Ependymal Cysts
10. Pilocytic Astrocytoma at the L1–L2 Level
11. CAPNON: Calcifying Pseudoneoplasm of the Neuraxis
• Part II. Epileptic Seizure
12. Antiphospholipid Syndrome in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Elements
13. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): Holohemispheric Watershed Pattern
14. Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) and Haemolytic-Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
15. Citrobacter koseri Brain Abscess in Chronic Cocaine Addict
16. Intraventricular Meningioma
17. Large Cavernoma vs Brain Tumour
18. Supratentorial Extraventricular Ependymoma vs Arteriovenous Malformation
19. Pachymeningial Involvement in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML)
• Part III. Sensory and Motor Deficit
21. Is This Really a Glioblastoma?
22. Extradural Spinal Meningioma
23. Chronic Venous Sinus Thrombosis vs Brain Metastases
24. Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) After Obinutuzumab Treatment for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
25. Large Cerebral Vessel Vasculitis in Undiagnosed HIV-Positive Patient: Meningovascular Syphilis
26. Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy vs Primary Brain Tumour (Glioblastoma)
The aim of this book is to emphasize firstly that rare and serious conditions can be hidden behind common (mis)leading neurological symptoms. Secondly, it stresses the importance of the collaboration with clinician colleagues - a neuroradiologist needs complete and accurate patient information to make a proper diagnosis or a differential diagnosis that can properly guide further diagnostic processing.
The book, structured as an atlas, is divided into three sections according to the most common leading symptoms encountered in hospital emergency units or in outpatient settings. Each proposed case is accompanied by a short medical history, CT and MRI images, and a text describing its most important radiological features.
27 cases were chosen from the authors’ everyday practice: rare and peculiar cases, as well as common cases with a twist. Although both authors are experienced neuroradiologists, several of the cases were surprising and it took considerable time to arrive at the correct diagnosis. A certain level of knowledge and experience, together with information from literature, the Internet or from clinicians, helped them solve most of the cases directly, or after consultation with clinicians and further medical examinations and interventions.
This book is mainly intended for residents, general radiologists and neuroradiologists. However, it will also be of help to less experienced colleagues or trainees who need to solve particular cases, encouraging them to think outside the box to find the answers.
• Presents rare and unusual neuroradiology cases
• Explores common neuroradiology cases with unusual twists
• Written by respected experts in the field