1. Different synthesis process of Carbon nanomaterials for biological applications
1.2 Preparation/Synthesis of carbon nanomaterials
1.2.1 Synthesis of carbon nanoparticles
1.2.2 Synthesis of Carbon nanotubes
1.2.3 Synthesis of Graphene, Graphene oxide and reduced Graphene Oxide
1.3. Properties of Carbon nanomaterials
1.4. Conclusion and perspectives of carbon nanomaterials
2 Application of carbon-based nanomaterials for removal of biologically toxic materials
2.2 Application for the removal of biologically toxic materials
2.2.1 Removal of biologically toxic materials using carbon nanoparticles
2.2.2 Removal of biologically toxic materials using carbon nanotubes
2.2.3 Removal of biologically toxic materials using Graphene/Graphene Oxide/reduced Graphene Oxide
3. Application of carbon-based nanomaterials as optical and electrical biosensors
3.2 Application for Biosensor
3.2.1 Bio-sensor using carbon nanoparticles
3.2.2 Bio-sensor using using carbon nanotubes
3.2.3 Bio-sensor using using Graphene/Graphene Oxide/reduced Graphene Oxide
4 Application of carbon-based nanomaterials as Bio-imaging probe
4.2 Application for bio-imaging probe
4.2.1 Bio-imaging probe using carbon nanoparticles
4.2.2 Bio-imaging probe using carbon nanotubes
4.2.3 Bio-imaging probe using Graphene/Graphene Oxide/reduced Graphene Oxide
5. Application of carbon-based nanomaterials as drug and gene delivery carrier
5.2 Application in drug and gene delivery
5.2.1 Bio-distribution and drug/gene delivery using carbon nanoparticles
5.2.2 Bio-distribution and drug/gene delivery using carbon nanotubes
5.2.3 Bio-distribution and drug/gene delivery using Graphene/Graphene Oxide/reduced Graphene Oxide
6. Biosafety of carbon nanomaterials
6.2 Origin of toxicity
6.2.1 Small size
6.2.3 Easy entry into body
6.3 Review of toxicity study
This comprehensive textbook is the surgical companion to the international bestseller, Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine. It provides an overview of core surgical topics encountered in an integrated medical curriculum and, later, in the clinical setting.
The book takes a succinct and practical approach to the understanding of surgical disease and care of the surgical patient. It offers comprehensive coverage of the key surgical specialties and includes emerging issues around patient safety and the critical importance of clinical human factors in surgical practice.
Fully updated to reflect changes in understanding and evidence-based practice, this is a text that keeps the student up to date and that no trainee surgeon should be without.
• Easy to read, logical to follow
• Summary boxes and evidence boxes throughout to complement the text
• Superbly presented with line drawings, high quality radiographic images and colour photographs to help in exams and in the clinical setting.
• Aligned with undergraduate and postgraduate surgical curricula
• New chapters on professional and ethical responsibilities, global surgery, patient safety and clinical human factors
• Comprehensive information on global surgical practice
• Full online and eBook version available as part of Student Consult
• O. James Garden, CBE BSc MB ChB MD DSc(Hon) FRCS(Glas) FRCS(Ed), FRCP(Ed) FRSE FRACS(Hon) FRCSCan(Hon) FACS(Hon), FRCS(Hon) FCSHK(Hon) FRCSI(Hon), Professor Emeritus, Clinical Surgery, Director, Edinburgh Surgery Online, University of Edinburgh, UK.
• Rowan W Parks, MB BCh BAO MD FRCSI FRCS(Ed) FFST(Ed), Professor of Surgical Sciences, Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Honorary Consultant Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgeon Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, UK.
• Stephen J. Wigmore, BSc MBBS MD FRCS(Ed) FRCP(Ed) FRSE, Regius Professor of Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Honorary Consultant Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgeon, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, UK