• Section I: Phylogenesis and ontogenesis: 1 Comparative anatomy of the axial skeleton of vertebrates
2 Embryology of the spine
3 The growing spine
4 Growth cartilages of the spine and pelvic vertebra
5 Morphological and functional evolution of the aging spine.
• Section II: Postural Anatomy: 6 Standing up. Its principles. Pelvic spinal relationships
7 The hip extension reserve and its relation to the spine
8 The EOS system: interest in the overall assessment of the balance of the spine but also its movements and balance.
• Section III: Descriptive Anatomy: 9 The cranial vertebra
10 Surgical anatomy of the vertebral pedicle
11 Anatomy of the sacrum: new concepts
12 The pelvic vertebra, the cephalic vertebra, and the concept of the chain Of balance
13 Are the "cranial and pelvic vertebrae" true vertebrae?
14 The intervertebral disk
15 Anatomy of thoracolumbar posterior joints
16 The spinal ligaments
17 Sacro-iliac joints
18 The normal and pathological spinal muscle
19 Configuration of posterior lumbar muscles. Application for Study Of lumbosacral malformations
20 Muscles and fascia
21 Functional anatomy of the erector of the spine: a review
22 The conjunctive structures of the posterior surface of the trunk
23 The spinal canals
24 The spinal cord
25 Spinal nerves (spinal innervation)
26 Anatomy of spinal meninges
27 Intrinsic innervation of the vertebral column
28 Vascularization of the spine and cord Functional anatomy
• Section IV - Functional anatomy
29 Systemic approach to the functioning of the Thoracolumbar spine
30 Kinematics of the spine
31 Spinal balance
32 Biomechanics and modelling of the spine
33 Anatomy is a living language.
This richly illustrated and comprehensive book covers a broad range of normal and pathologic conditions of the vertebral column, from its embryology to its development, its pathology, its dynamism and its degeneration. The dynamic anatomy of the living subject is viewed using the latest technologies, opening new perspectives to elucidate the pathology of the spine and improve spinal surgery. The respective chapters review in depth all sections of the vertebral column and offer new insights, e.g. the 3D study of vertebral movements using the “EOS system,” which makes it possible to define an equilibrium of posture and its limits. New histological and chemical findings on the intervertebral disc, as well as detailed descriptions of the aponeuroses and fasciae, are also provided.
Bringing together the experience of several experts from the well-known French school, this book offers a valuable companion for skilled experts and postgraduate students in various fields: orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, physiotherapy, rheumatology, musculoskeletal therapy, rehabilitation, and kinesiology.
• Offers an exhaustive review of the current state of knowledge on spine anatomy
• Covers static and dynamic biomechanical concepts
• Shares the perspectives of the French school on knowledge of the spine