1. Introduction of diabetic retinopathy and principles of treatment
2. Diabetes-induced metabolic disorders of diabetic retinopathy
3. Diabetic retinopathy, a neurovascular unit disease
4. The pathogenic role of apoptosis in the development of diabetic retinopathy
5. Diabetic retinopathy, a disease with low-grade inflammation
6. Neurodegeneration and microangiopathy in diabetic retina and choroid
7. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy, a disease of pathologic angiogenesis and vasculogenesis
8. Pathogenesis of diabetic macular edema
9. Treatments for diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema in pipeline
10. Future perspectives for diabetic retinopathy management
Therapeutic Targets For Diabetic Retinopathy: A Translational Approach offers a consolidated view of this complex disorder by summarizing the latest evidence-based studies and translating their findings into practical, actionable knowledge. This concise resource covers the fundamentals of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema with an emphasis on basic science and therapeutic targets on the horizon. Ophthalmologists, optometrists, and researchers will find the translational approach to this common eye disorder to be useful in both research and clinical practice settings.
• Weiye Li, MD, PhD, Professor emeritus of Ophthalmology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
• Jingfa Zhang, MD, PhD, Associate Chief Physician, Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai First People's Hospital), Shanghai